The Day of the Dead ( El Día de los Muertos)
The Day of the Dead (Día de Muertos) is a holiday celebrated throughout Mexico, particularly in the Central and Southern regions. The multi-day holiday focuses on gatherings of family and friends to pray for and remember loved ones who have died, and help support their spiritual journey. In 2008, the tradition was inscribed in the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO.
Prior to Spanish colonization in the 16th century, the celebration took place at the beginning of summer. Gradually, it was associated with October 31, November 1, and November 2 to coincide with All Hallowtide, All Saints' Eve, All Saints' Day, and All Souls' Day. Traditions connected with the holiday include visiting the graves of the deceased, building private altars or ofrendas, and honoring the deceased with calaveras, marigolds, and favorite foods and beverages of the departed.